Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Since addiction is a chronic illness, curing it is not as easy as simply stopping the drugs for a few days. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
desist from drug use
stay drug free
be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Individuals need fast access to treatment.
Viable treatment addresses the greater part of the patient's needs, not only his or her drug intake.
Going through with the programme is essential.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
Patients in treatment should be tested for a variety of infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis and also receive education about how to reduce the risk of getting thee illnesses.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
assessment and treatment for co-happening psychological well-being issues, for example, depression and anxiety
lifelong follow-up in an attempt to prevent relapsing
A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.
Treatment ought to incorporate both therapeutic and emotional well-being services as required. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification is only an initial stage in the process; it is not a "treatment" on its own. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing A Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Coping With Joining The Community
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. It is key for patients in treatment, particularly those treated at prison or inpatient facilities, to learn how to identify, steer clear of, and deal with triggers that they are most likely to experience after treatment.